ASP (Active Server Page)
Domain Name System (DNS)
Domain Name Disputes
Domain Name Space
Host (Name Server)
Internet Protocol (IP) Numbers (IP addresses)
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
Second Level Domain
Server Side Includes (SSI)
Third Level Domain
Top Level Domain
The top-level domain originally intended for "commercial" entities, but anyone can register a .com domain. This is the most recognized top-level domain worldwide. Domains that are purchased that end in .com are generally worth more in value than .net or .org.
The top-level domain originally intended for internet or computer related domains, but any person can register a domain with a .net extension.
The top-level domain originally intended for non-profit organizations, but anyone may now register a domain ending in org.
The top-level domain created for four-year, degree-granting colleges and universities. Only colleges and universities can register .edu domains.
The top-level domain created for agencies and branches of the United States Federal Government. The General Services Administration (GSA) handles the registration of .gov domain names.
The top-level domain created for United States military entities.
The administrative contact is an individual authorized to interact with their domain registrar on behalf of the domain name registrant. The administrative contact should be able to answer questions about the domain name's registration and the domain name registrant. To put it more simply, if ~ohn Doe bought a domain for his company, iohn Doe would more than likely label himself or someone that he trusted at his company as the Administrative Contact.
An applet is an embedded program on a web site. Applets are usually written in the coding language called Java. They are mainly used for creating a virtual or 3-dimensional object that may move or interact with the web site.
(Active Server Pages):
Active Server Pages enable web developers to make their sites dynamic with database driven content. The code is mainly written in VB Script, and it is produced on the server of the web site instead of the browser of your web site visitors. The server reads the ASP code and then translates it to raw HTNL. This means that the web site owner doesn't have to worry about the visitor having the right tools to view the web site's dynamic content. The only downfall to ASP is that since it is run from the server, it takes longer for the pages to load because there are more steps involved in translating the code.
The process of providing audio content on a web site. This takes up a nice amount of bandwidth, especially if you get a lot of visitors at your site. Some hosts do not allow audio or video streaming because of this. If you are going to want audio on your site, you should make sure that your host supports audio streaming first. This is usually stated in their plans.
The main line of a series of connections within a network.
This is the amount of data that is sent through a connection. If you have a large web site, with many visitors, you will need a lot more bandwidth than someone with a one page web site that gets 2 visitors a month. Some hosting plans offer unlimited bandwidth, but most have limits or will just make you pay for extra bandwidth because if a site is clogging their servers with visitors, they want to get compensated for that.
The billing contact is the person designated to receive the invoice for domain name registration and re-registration fees. The billing contact must be a reliable, trustworthy source that will pay the re-registration dues on time. So if John Doe appoints himself as Administrative contact1 he may also want to be Billing Contact so that he will get the bill to renew his domain. If you decide to register your domain through a host where THEY fill out the information, please make sure that they specify YOU as administrative and billing contacts and not THEM. There could be potential legal issues if their name is all over your domain and YOU own it. Just be careful. It is your domain - you paid for it - so make sure it is branded with your name, unless for some reason you designated the host to be administrative and billing contact. I would not recommend this though. If your host forgets to pay to renew your domain in 2 or 3 years, you could lose it altogether and never get it back. The only exception to this rule is the technical contact. This contact should be your host~s name and not yours. Technical contacts do not make important domain decisions like the Administrative and Billing contacts do.
(Common Gateway Interface):
A CGI is a program that translates data from a web server and then displays that data on a web page or in an email. Many people use CGI~s for guestbooks and email forms. Some hosts have pre-made CGI scripts that are ready to use and plug into a web site.
Basically this is just owning a server but having it at another location. This is great for people who want to own their own server, but do not want the hassle of maintaining that server in their environment.
If you have ever been to a web site like ivillage.com, iwon.com, or amazon.com, you may notice your name on the page in a message like Welcome Back John'." This is because your browser stored a tiny cookie file that enabled their server to identify you from the first time that you registered with them. This saves regular visitors or customers of your site time from having to log in and log out every time they visit your site.
This is the amount of data that is transferred from an account as visitors view the pages of the web site. If John Doe has a web site with lots of video, audio, and images that gets many visitors per day, he would have to make sure that he chooses a host that will allow his large amounts of data to be transferred. If he chooses a host that only allowed 200 MB of data transfer per month, and his site transferred 500 MB per month, then the host may stop half of his visitors from viewing his site and he could lose potential customers. Your best bet is to try to find a host that offers unlimited data transfer or at least a Gig of transfer. A gig is more than enough for most web sites.
Basically a .com, net, or org1 etc.minus the name before it. That is the domain in technical terms. The domain NAME (described below) is the name of the computer that resides on the space of that particular domain. Read below for further explanation...
A domain name is the identifying URL title and address of your web site, such as www.ebay.com and www.sears.com. When a person types one of these names into a browser, the computer actually reads that name's IP (Internet Protocol) number and then relays the information that resides under that number. When choosing your domain name, you must make sure you are not infringing on a trademark because if there is a trademark related to the domain you just bought, you will eventually have to turn the name over should the company ask for it. In time, there may be extensions such as shop or .web and many other creative extensions for individuals and businesses to use. Also, just to note, the .com extensions are worth more in value because they are the most widely used and the best known. It is also a smart marketing decision. If your ebusiness should ever move up to television and/or radio advertising, and even Internet advertising, most of the general Internet public remembers .com extensions. And if they don't remember the extension at all but they do remember the domain name, they will more than likely type the .com in their browser. The .com extension also implies that the company has been around longer and knows the ropes, even if it isn't true, it implies such. A good analogy would be to think of the Internet is a new frontier, just as America was many years ago. The first that arrived claimed the land, and then sold it for incredible profits later on. So bottom line, if you own land in the .com areas and it is a well picked, preferably short, valuable name, you could be looking at a nice investment in the long run.
Name System (DNS):
A distributed database of information that is used to translate domain names into Internet Protocol (IP) numbers. In other words, computers need numbers in order to function. The computer itself does not care whether you are yahoo.com or google.com. It has no idea how to find the name and it needs a number that identifies that name. So when you buy a domain, say www.whatever.com, it is nothing until you get it hosted somewhere and until that host assigns a number to your domain. A good analogy of this would be social security numbers and humans. Humans are identified primarily by their names, but government organizations use social security numbers to identify the person behind that name.
Disputes that arise over conflicting positions as to who has the right to register a specific domain name. Disputes often occur when a domain name that is the same, or similar to, a valid registered trademark is registered by someone that is not the owner of the registered trademark. For example, if John Doe registered the domain amozon.com, the real Amazon.com could say that this is too similar to their registered trademarked company and that it may confuse visitors and customers, especially if John Doe created a site that mocked Amazon.com's services. The best way to avoid any legal issues later on is to come up with a unique name for your domain and to make sure that it isn't a registered trademark first.
The domain name space is the total of domain names that currently represent networks and computers, as well as all of the possible domain names that may potentially represent networks and computers. The name is quite self-explanatory. Think of it like a galaxy or solar system consisting of millions of starts and planets, only instead of stars and planets, there are domains.
A password that has been scrambled to protect it from being discovered and used by someone other than the person to whom it belongs.
An Internet tool for finding out if a person has an account with a certain Internet site.
(File Transfer Protocol)
This is the process of transferring files to a web site's server. For example: If John Doe were to create his web site on his local computer at home, he would need a way to get that web site to the actual server that hosts his site so that the public can see it. There are many programs he can use to do this7 but if he has Windows 98, then he more than likely already has an easy tool to use called Windows Web Publishing Wizard. To see if you have it go here: Start > Programs > Microsoft Web Publishing > Web Publishing Wizard. If you do not have this, there is a free FTP program called WS_FTP and you can download it at download.com. Once John Doe has his a folder on his local drive full of everything he wants to upload to the server, he can use one of the FTP programs to upload it.
Equivalent to approximately 1000 megabytes.
When you hear the term "host" in the Internet world, it is referring to an Internet company that has the required servers and software to connect domain names to (IP) Internet Protocol numbers so that your site can be viewed by the public when they type your domain in their browser window. Basically this is where you house your site, and you usually have to pay a monthly or annual fee for this service. There are free hosts, but in most cases, in order to use their services you must put one of their advertisement banners on your site, and most of them limit what you can do with your site. Sometimes it is better to pay $8/month for a host because it gives you more freedom and is ad free expect for the ads you post yourself.
(Hyper Text Transport Protocol)
This is the protocol for transferring files across the Internet. You see it every time you type a web site in your browser http://...
This is the code that web pages are written in. The next time you visit a web site, go to View > Source on your browser to take a look at what the coding of a web site looks like.
Protocol (IP) Numbers (IP addresses):
A unique number used to specify hosts and networks. Internet Protocol (IP) numbers are used for identifying machines that are connected to the Internet. An example of an IP number is 188.8.131.52.
Service Provider (ISP):
A company that provides access to the Internet, such as AOL, Prodigy, etc. Allows users to dial up through a modem, DSL, or cable connection to view the information on the internet.
InterNIC was the name given to a project that provided domain name registration services in com, net, org, and edu. Now that the project has ended, other companies can now offer domain registration. Companies such as Network Solutions and Register.com now do what InterNic used to do.
The bill for a domain name registration or re-registration fee. Invoices are sent to the billing contact by postal mail and e-mail. This is why it is so important to appoint a reliable person as the billing contact. The invoice will go to them.
A million bytes or 1000 kilobytes.
Also called a host or a name server. A computer that has both the software and the data needed to resolve domain names to Internet Protocol (IP) numbers. Most name servers have names like NS1.whatever.com.
A NIC Handle is a unique identifier, which can be up to 10 alphanumeric characters, assigned to each domain name record, contact record, and network record in Network Solutions' domain name database. NIC handles can save time and ensure accuracy in domain name records.
POP stands for Post Office Protocol. This is a protocol used to retrieve e-mail from a mail server. Most e-mail applications use the POP protocol. The newest and most widely used version of POP email is POP3 email. You will see the term POP3 in most of the web hosting plans available today.
The designation of "primary" means that this name server will be used first and will be relied upon before any of the other name servers.
The process of renewing a domain name's registration for a specified period of time. This is accomplished by paying the re-registration fee that covers the amount of years you are renewing the domain for.
The individual or organization that registers a specific domain name. This individual or organization holds the right to use that specific domain name for a specified period of time, provided certain conditions are met and the registration fees are paid. This person or organization is the "legal entity" of that web site.
The process through which individuals and organizations obtain a domain name. Registration of a domain name enables the individual or organization to use that particular domain name for a specified period of time, or as long as the required fees are paid.
The charge for registering a Web Address or domain name.
Forms that are used to submit and process registration requests. These forms, which include the Domain Name Registration Agreement, Contact Form, and Host Form, are used to register new domain names, new contacts for domain names, and new hosts (name servers) as well as to update domain name, contact, and host records. There are both Web versions and plain text (ASCII) versions of the forms.
The term used to describe the process by which domain names are matched with corresponding Internet Protocol (IP) numbers. "Resolution" is accomplished by a combination of computers and software, which use the data in the Domain Name System to determine which IP numbers correspond to a particular domain name. Basically, it is translating a number to the name you see in your browser for the web site you are visiting.
The top of the Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy.
A machine that has the software and data needed to locate name servers that contain authoritative data for the top-level domains.
In the Domain Name System (DNS), the next lower level of the hierarchy underneath the top-level domains. In a domain name, that portion of the domain name that appears immediately to the left of the .com, net, org, etc.) For example, the acehosts.com would be the second level domain for this web site. The top-level domain is .com.
The name server will be used as a backup for the primary name server in the event that the primary server becomes unavailable.
A computer, or a software package, that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers. It is basically a computer with the right tools required to "serve" others.
Side Includes (SSI):
Commands that can be included in web pages that are processed by the web server when a user requests a file. The command takes the form . A common use for SSI commands is to insert a universal menu into all of the pages of the web site so that the menu only has to be changed once and inserted with SSI instead of changing the menu on every page.
(Simple Mail Transport Protocol):
The main protocol used to send electronic mail on the Internet. Most Internet email is sent and received using SMTP.
(Secure Sockets Layer):
A protocol used to enable encrypted, authenticated communications across the Internet. SSL provides privacy, authentication, and message Integrity. In an SSL connection each side of the connection must have a Security Certificate, which each side's software sends to the other to ensure ultimate security. URL's that begin with "https" indicate that an SSL connection will be used.
A connection capable of carrying data at 1,544,000 bits-per-second. T-1 is the fastest speed commonly used to connect networks to the Internet.
A connection capable of carrying data at 44,736,000 bits-per-second.
The program used to login from one web site to another.
The technical contact is the person or organization that maintains the primary domain name server. The technical contact should be able to ~nswer technical questions about the domain name's primary domain name server.
The next highest level of the hierarchy underneath the second level domains. In a domain name, it is the portion of the domain name that appears two segments to the left of the top-level domain. For example, the whatever in whatever.ta.us.
The highest level of the hierarchy after the root. That portion of the domain name that appears to the far right such as the com in acehosts.com.
A computer operating system designed to be used by many people at the same time.
(Uniform Resource Locator):
The standard way to give the address of any resource on the Internet that is part of the World Wide Web (WWW). A URL looks like this: http ://www.acehosts.com/index. html
The process of providing video data or content via a web page.
A portion of the total domain name space that is represented by the data stored on a particular name server.
A file that contains data describing a portion of the domain name space.